9

 

 

 

‌­ ‌­á£ ‡á¥¦á­¦?­ “ᦓ­”¡ ­‍‌ ‡á££‹á “£¦‘Œ‡¤ ‌‘­£‡¤”¡ ¦‡áЭ ­„?­ ?¦‘ ?‡á£ ƒ?•‡ˆ ”¥­‘¡ á­Î‡?ˆ Œ£¥¦‘‡° ‌­ ‍‡?‰ £??™‰ ‍‡†á‡°: «­‍?‘ ‡“?Î?‡£ ‡áˆ”‘ á‍?‘‡?¥£ ‡á?‍á­‰ ˆœ10 ‌­ ‡á£†‰ ‌‍?¡ ?έá ᦠ?¤‡ ¤“??­? ‡“?Î?‡£ 100% £¤¥‡”. £¤ ‡á£‘ŒÍ ƒ¤? “£?? ¥Ð‡ ‡á’?£ £¤ ‍ˆá ¦•?‍?¥¡ á?¤ áდ‌¡ …¤¥‡ £?ᦣ‡? ·?†‰.

 

ˆ?? £”‡¥?‰ ‌­á£ “ᦓ­” ‍‘‘ ?‡áˆ‡¤ ?‘“‡ ?ᣠ‡áƒ?•‡ˆ ‌­ Œ‡£?‰ “¦­“?‘¤ ‌­ ƒ¦¤?‡‘­¦” ƒ¤ ­•Í͇ áᤇ“ ‡á”‡†?‡? ‡á?”‘ ‡áƒ?‹‘ ”¥‘‰ ?¤ ?ᣠ‡áƒ?•‡ˆ¡ …á­? ‡á£?ᦣ‡? ‡áœ10 ‡áƒ?‹‘ ”­¦?‡°:

 

1- ¤Í¤ ᇠ¤“?Î?£ …ᇠŒ’Á‡ •›­‘‡ £¤ ƒ?£›?¤‡

 

‌­ ‡á?‡£ 1907¡ ’?£ ?‡á£ ‡á¤‌“ ‡á”¥­‘ ¦á­‡£ Œ­£“ ƒ¤¤‡ ᇠ¤“?‌­? …ᇠ£¤ Œ’Á •›­‘ £¤ ƒ?£›?¤‡ ¦‍¦?¤‡ ‡áŒ“?­‰¡ ˆ??¥‡ ‍‡£ •Í‌­ ˆ‡Œ?’‡Á ‡á£?ᦣ‰ ?ᬠ¤Í¦ ·?† ?¤?£‡ ‍‡á …¤ ‡á…¤“‡¤ ‡á?‡?­ ­?¦‘ 10% ‌‍? £¤ ‍?‘?¥ ‡á?‍á­‰¡ á?¤ ?‘‡“‡? ‡á£“Í ?ᬠ‡á?£‡› ƒ™¥‘? ƒ¤¤‡ ¤“?Î?£ ?á Œ’Á £¤ ƒ£Î‡Î¤‡¡ á?¤ ‡á£¤‡?‍ Œ£­?¥‡ ᇠ?¤”? ‌­ ¦‍? ¦‡Í?¡ ¦á¥Ð‡ ‌…¤ ?á‌ ƒ­ £?‡¤ £¤ ‡á£Î ᥠ?ƒ‹­‘‡? ?‍á­‰ ¦“á¦?­‰ ?ᬠ‡á”Ε.

 

2- ‡á£¦“­‍¬ ‡á?ᇓ­?­‰ áá‘–? ?Œ?ᥣ ƒÐ?¬

 

ˆ?ƒ? ¦á‡­‰ Œ¦‘Œ­‡ ‡á‡£­‘?­‰ ‌­ ‡á?‡£ 1998¡ ‌­ ?¦’­? ƒ‍‘‡• £?£Œ‰ ?Í?¦­ £¦“­‍¬ ?ᇓ­?­‰ á?‡†á‡? ‡á£¦‡á­? ‡áŒ??¡ ?á ‍‘• £?£Œ ‡Í?¦¬ ?ᬠ‘“‡á‰ £¤ ‡á͇?£ ‚¤Ð‡? ?‍¦á: “ƒ‘Œ¦ ƒ¤ ?“?£?? ƒ¤? ¦?‌á? ˆ¥¡ ¦ƒ¤ ­Í™¬ ?‌á? ˆˆ?‡­‰ Ð?­‰”.

 

£? …¤ ¥Ð‡ ‡á‌?á ­ˆ?¦ £á­†‡° ˆ‡áá?‌ ¦‡á¦?¡ …ᇠƒ¤ £‡ ­“£¬ ˆœ”?ƒ‹­‘ £¦’‡‘?” ¥¦ ”­Á £”?¦? ˆ¥¡ …Ð ??¦? ŒÐ¦‘¥ …ᬠ?‘‡“‰ ?£? ‌­ ?‡£ 1993 ‌­ Œ‡£?‰ ?‡á­‌¦‘¤­‡ ‌­ …­‘‌­¤¡ ¦‍? ƒ™¥‘? ƒ¤ 36 £¤ ?ᇈ ‡áŒ‡£?‰ ‍? Í™¦‡ ˆƒ?‡Á ƒ‌–á ‌­ ‡Î?ˆ‡‘‡? ‡áÐ?‡Á ˆ?? ‡“?£‡?¥£ ᣦ“­‍¬ £¦’‡‘?¡ £‍‡‘¤‰ ˆƒ?‡†¥£ ˆ?? ?£‡‘­¤ ?“‡?? ?ᬠ‡á‡“?‘·Á ƒ¦ ˆ?? ¤­á ‌?‘‰ £¤ ‡á•£? ¦‡á¥?¦Á¡ ¥Ð¥ ‡á¤?‡†Œ ᣠ???‘‘ ‹‡¤­‰¡ ˆá …¤ ?‘‡“‰ ?£? ‌­ 1999¡ ‌­ Œ‡£?‰ “¥‡‘‌‡‘?” ƒ‹ˆ?? ƒ¤ “?ƒ‹­‘ £¦’‡‘?” á­“ ”­†‡ Í‍­‍­‡.

 

3- ᇠ­¦Œ? Îᇭ‡ ?•ˆ­‰ Œ?­?‰ ­£?¤ ƒ¤ ?¤£¦ ‌­ £Î ‡áˆ‡á›­¤

 

‡á‌†‘‡¤ ‡áˆ‡á›‰¡ ¦?Ðá? ‡áƒ‘‡¤ˆ ¦Í?¬ ‡á?­¦‘¡ ?“??­? ƒ¤ ?Í•á ?ᬠÎᇭ‡ ?•ˆ­‰ Œ?­?‰¡ á?¤ ‡áˆ‡Í‹­¤ ‌”ᦇ áœ130 ?‡£‡° ƒ¤ ­‹ˆ?¦‡ Í?¦‹ Ðá? á?¬ ‡á…¤“‡¤¡ á?¤ ?á ¥Ð‡ ?›­‘ ‌­ 1998¡ ?¤?£‡ ?£?¤ ‌‘­‍ “¦­?­ £¤ ‡á?”‌ ?¤ ¤£¦ Îᇭ‡ ?•ˆ­‰ Œ?­?‰ ‌­ £¤?‍‰ ‡áÍ•­¤ ‡á£¦Œ¦?‰ ‌­ ‡á£Î ‡á£“„¦á‰ ?¤ Í‌™ ‡áÐ?‘­‡?.

 

‌­ ‡á?‡£ 2014¡ ?£?¤ ‌‘­‍ £¤ £?¥? “?‡‘¦á­¤“?‡” £¤ ‍­‡“ ‚‹‡‘ ‡á?‘ˆ¦¤-14 ‌­ ‡áÍ£– ‡á¤¦¦­¡ ??‘­‍‰ á?Í?­? ?‡‘­Î ?£‘ ‡áÎᇭ‡¡ ¦ƒ??¦‡ ƒ¤ £¤?‍‰ striatum ‡á£¦Œ¦?‰ ‌­ ‡á£Î ¦‡á£“„¦á‰ ?¤ ‡á?Í?£ ‡á?–á­ ¦‡á…?‘‡? ­£?¤¥‡ ƒ¤ ?¤?Œ ƒ?•‡ˆ‡ Œ?­?‰ ˆ‡á‌?á.

 

4- ƒ?£›‰ ‡á‘Œ‡á ƒ?‹‘ £á‡Á£‰ áá?ᦣ ¦‡á‘­‡–­‡? £¤ ‡á¤‡Í­‰ ‡áˆ­¦á¦Œ­‰

 

¥¤‡? ‌‘¦‍ ?”‘­Í­‰ •›­‘‰ ˆ­¤ ƒ?£›‰ ‡á‘Œ‡á ¦‡á¤“‡Á¡ ‌£¤?‍‰ ‡áÍ•­¤ ‡á£“„¦á‰ ?¤ ‡áЇ?‘‰ ?‡?‰ £‡ ??¦¤ ƒ?ˆ‘ á?¬ ‡á¤“‡Á¡ ƒ£‡ £¤?‍‰ ‡áƒ£­Œ¦?‡á‡¡ ¦‡á?­ ??? ƒÍ? ‡á£¤‡?‍ ‡á£“„¦á‰ ?¤ ‡á?‡?‌‰¡ ‌¥­ ƒ?ˆ‘ ‌­ ‡á‘Œ‡á¡ ?ᬠ??“ £‡ ¤?¦‍?.

 

‡áƒ?በƒ”‡‘? …ᬠ?¦¤ ‡á?‌‡¦? ˆ­¤ ‡áŒ¤“­¤ ?‡†? áá?¦‍?‡? ‡á‹‍‡‌­‰¡ ¦á­“ áር¦á¦Œ­‡. ?ᬠ“ˆ­á ‡á£‹‡á¡ ‍‡£ ?ᣇÁ ‡á¤‌“ ‡á‡Œ?£‡?­¦¤ ‌­ Œ‡£?‰ “¦‡?‘ᦔ ‌­ ƒ¦¤?‡‘­¦ ˆ…??‡Á ?á £¤ ‡á‘Œ‡á ¦‡á¤“‡Á ‡Î?ˆ‡‘ ‘­‡–­‡? •?ˆ‡¡ ¦‍? ƒÍ‘’? ‡á¤“‡Á £??ᇰ ƒ?¤¬ £¤ ‡á‘Œ‡á¡ Í?¬ ƒ¦á†? ‡á¤“‡Á ‡áᦇ?­ ­£?á?¤ Îá‌­‰ ‘­‡–­‰ ‍¦­‰¡ á?¤ ‡áƒ£‘ ‡Î?á‌ ?¤?£‡ ‍­á ᥄á‡Á ‡á¤“‡Á ƒ¤ ¥Ð‡ ‡á‡Î?ˆ‡‘ ᣠ­?”‌ ?¤ ‌‘¦‍‡? ˆ­¤ ‡áŒ¤“­¤ ‌­ ‡á£‡–­¡ ¦?¤?¥‡ ‍?£? ‡á¤“‡Á ƒ?‡Á £?“‡¦­‡ £? ‡á‘Œ‡á.

 

5- ‡á‡“?á‍‡Á ‌­ ›­ˆ¦ˆ‰ ­”ˆ¥ ‡á¤¦£

 

‌­ ‡áƒ‌ᇣ ?ˆ?¦ ‡á›­ˆ¦ˆ‰ ”­†‡° ›­‘ £?á‌ áá…¤“‡¤¡ Í­‹ ¤‘¬ £‘–¬ ‡á›­ˆ¦ˆ‰ ­“?­‍™¦¤ £¥¤?£­¤ ˆ?? ˆ–?‰ ƒ”¥‘ £¤ ‡á‘‍‡?¡ á­??ᣦ‡ ˆ‌•‡Í‰¡ ?¦¤ ƒ¤ ­™¥‘ ?á­¥£ ?ƒ‹­‘ –‡‘¡ á?¤ ‌­ ‡á?‡á£ ‡áÍ‍­‍­¡ ‌…¤ ƒ¦á†? ‡áЭ¤ ­“?­‍™¦¤ £¤ ‡á›­ˆ¦ˆ‰ ­?‡¤¦¤ ?‡?‰ £¤ …?‡‍‡? ¦­Í?‡Œ¦¤ …ᬠ…?‡?‰ ?ƒ¥­á.

 

¦‍? ‌“‘ £“Í ‡á?£‡› “ˆˆ Ðá?¡ …Ð ¦Œ? ‡á?ᣇÁ ‌­ ‡á£‘?’ ‡á‌‘¤“­ ‡á¦?¤­ á჈͇‹ ‡á?ᣭ‰¡ ƒ¤ £¤‡?‍ ‡á¤”‡? ‡á?‡á­ ‌­ ‡á£Î ?–­Á ˆ”?á ¤”? ‌­ ‡á¦–? ‡á?ˆ­?­ Í?¬ ƒ‹¤‡Á ‡á¤¦£¡ á?¤¥‡ ??¦¤ £™á£‰ ˆ”?á £Î­‌ ‌­ £‘–¬ ‡á›­ˆ¦ˆ‰¡ ˆ­¤£‡ ?–­Á ‡á£¤‡?‍ ‡áƒÎ‘¬ ˆ”?á ›­‘ £‌¥¦£¡ £?™£ ͇á‡? ‡á›­ˆ¦ˆ‰ ᇠ?“?£‘ ?‡?‰ áƒ?‹‘ £¤ ‡‹¤­¤ …ᬠƒ‘ˆ?‰ ƒ“‡ˆ­?¡ á¥Ð‡ ᇠ?•?‍ ?á £‡ ?‘‡¥ ‌­ ‡á‡‌ᇣ.

 

6- Íá ‡á?ᣇ? ‡á£?‍‡??‰ ­‍¦­ ‡áЇ?‘‰

 

…Ї ?‡¤ Íá ‡á?ᣇ? ‡á£?‍‡??‰ ­•­ˆ? ˆ‡á–­‍ ‌á?­¤‡ ƒÎˆ‡‘ Œ­?‰ á?¡ ‌‍? ¦Œ? ?ᣇÁ ‡áƒ?•‡ˆ ƒ¤ Íá ‡á?ᣇ? ‡á£?‍‡??‰ ­Œ?á? ƒ£¥‘ ‌­ Íá ‡á?ᣇ? ‡á£?‍‡??‰ ‌Í“ˆ¡ ᇠ?á‡‍‰ áუ‘ ˆ‡áЇ?‘‰¡ ¦‍? ¦Œ?? ?‘‡“‰ ƒŒ‘‡¥‡ ˆ‡Í‹¦¤ ‌­ ?á­‰ “ƒáˆ‘? ƒ­¤”?­¤” áá?ˆ ƒ¤ Íá ‡á?ᣇ? ‡á£?‍‡??‰ ‍‡£ ˆ?ƒÎ­‘ ??¥¦‘ ‡áЇ?‘‰ ‌­ ‡áˆ?‡­‰ á?¬ ƒ”·• ??‘‡¦Í ƒ?£‡‘¥£ £¤ 75 …ᬠ85 ?‡£‡¡ á?¤¥‡ “‘¸?? ¥Ð‡ ‡á??¥¦‘ ‌­£‡ ˆ?? ˆ£Œ‘? ƒ¤ ƒˆ?¬ ‡á”Ε ™¥¦‘ ?ᇣ‡? ‡áΑ‌ (¦Ðá? დˆ‡ˆ £Œ¥¦á‰).

 

¥Ð¥ ‡áƒ­‡£ ­Œ£? £?™£ ?ᣇÁ ‡áƒ?•‡ˆ ?ᬠ??£ ¦Œ¦? –‘‘ ᣣ‡‘“‰ ‡á?ᣇ? ‡á£?‍‡??‰¡ á?¤ ᇠ??¦‍? ƒ¤ ?“‡??? ‌­ …­Œ‡? £?‡¤ £‌‡?­Í? ‡á–‡†?‰ £‹á‡°.

 

7- ‡á?ᇈ ­??ᣦ¤ ƒ‌–á …¤ ??‡ˆ‍? ?‘‍ ‡á??á­£ £? ?‘‍ ‡á??ᣠ‡á·•‰ ˆ¥£

 

¥á ’?£ ƒÍ?¥£ £¤ ‍ˆá ƒ¤ ?á­? ?á‍­ ‡á?‘¦“ ˆ”?á £?­¤ ˆ•‘­ ƒ¦ á‌™­¿ ‡áÍ‍­‍‰ ƒ¤¥ ᇠ­¦Œ? ?á­á ?‡?£ á¥Ð‡ ‡á?ᇣ¡ ‌‍? ¦Œ? ?ᣇÁ ¤‌“ ‌­ Œ‡£?‰ ?‡á­‌¦‘¤­‡ ‌­ “‡¤?‡ ˆ‡‘ˆ‡‘‡ ‌­ ?‡£ 2006¡ ƒ¤ ‡á?ᇈ ᣠ­„?¦‡ ˆ”?á ƒ‌–á ‌­ ‡á‡Î?ˆ‡‘‡? ?¤?£‡ ?£ ??á­£¥£ ˆ?‘‍ ‡á??ᣠ‡á£‌–በá?­¥£.

 

¦‌­ ‡á?‡£ 2009 ¤µ”‘? ¦‘‍‰ ˆÍ‹­‰¡ ‍‡á? …¤¥‡ “ᣠ?Œ? ?‘‡“‡? ???£ ¥Ð‡ ‡á’?£ ‡á”‡†? ˆ­¤ ‡á£?ᣭ¤ ¦‡á?ᇈ”¡ ?£‡ ‍‡á? ƒ¤ “‡áƒ“ᦈ ‡á£‌–á ‌­ ‡á??ᣔ ¥¦ ?ᣉ ‌–‌‡–‰ ?¤?‘Œ ?Í?¥‡ ƒ“‡á­ˆ ¦‡“?‰ ‡á£?¬¡ £‹á ‡á??ᣠˆ‡á??‘‡‘¡ ƒ¦ ‡á‡Î?ˆ‡‘¡ ƒ¦ £ˆ‡??‰ ?¦‘‡? ‡á??á£.

 

8- ‡á͇“‰ ‡á“‡?“‰

 

??¦? ŒÐ¦‘ ¥Ð‡ ‡á£•?áÍ …ᬠ?Œ‘ˆ‰ Í?‹? ‌­ ‹á‡‹­¤­‡? ‡á‍‘¤ ‡á£‡–­¡ ?¤?£‡ ‡??¬ ?‡á£ ¤ˆ‡? £¤ Œ‡£?‰ “?­¦?” ­“£¬ Œ¦’­‌ ˆ‡¤?“¡ ƒ¤ ˆ?– ‡áƒ‌‘‡? ‡áЭ¤ ?µ”¶‌ ᥣ ‡á¦Œ¥ ‡á‌‡‘› £¤ ‡áˆ?‡‍‡?¡ ‡“??‡?¦‡ ?Σ­¤ ‡á‘“£ ‡á£?ˆ¦? ?ᬠ™¥‘¥‡ ˆ”?á •Í­Í¡ ¦‡‌?‘– ƒ¤ Ðá? ?‡†? á‍‘‡Á?¥£ á?£‡› ‡á”Ε ‡á‍‡†£ ˆ‡á‡Î?ˆ‡‘.

 

¦£? …¤¥ ᇠ­¦Œ? ‡Î?ˆ‡‘ ‚Α ƒ‹ˆ? ¥Ð¥ ‡á͇“‰¡ …ᇠƒ¤ ‡áƒ“?¦‘‰ ‡“?£‘? ‌­ ‡áÍ­‡‰¡ ¦¥¦ ‡á”­Á ‡áЭ ­?­¤ ˆŒ’Á £¤ ‡á‌–á á¦?‡á‰ ‡á‡“?Έ‡‘‡? ‡á£‘?’­‰ CIA¡ ‡á?­ ¦™‌? Œ¦‡“­“ ¤‌“­­¤ ƒ‹¤‡Á ‡áÍ‘ˆ ‡áˆ‡‘?‰¡ ¦‍? ƒ›á‍¦‡ ¥Ð‡ ‡á‍“£ ‌­ 1995¡ ?¤?£‡ ‡“?¤?Œ¦‡ ‌­ ‡á¤¥‡­‰ …ᬠ?¦¤ ‡á͇“‰ ‡á“‡?“‰ á­“? “á‡Í‡¡ ¦á­“? ƒ­ ”­Á.

 

9- ‡á?£‡› ‡áƒ­“‘ áე·• ‡á£¤?‍­­¤ ¦‡áƒ­£¤ áᣈ??­¤

 

‌­ “?­¤­‡? ‡á‍‘¤ ‡á£‡–­¡ ‍‡£ ?‡á£ ‡áƒ?•‡ˆ ¦‡á?‡á£ ‡á¤‌“­ ‌­ £?¥? ?‡á­‌¦‘¤­‡ áá??¤¦á¦Œ­‡ ‘¦Œ‘ “ˆ­‘­ ˆ‍?? ‡áƒá­‡‌ ‡á?­ ?¦•á ¤•‌­ ‡á£Î ‌­ £Œ£¦?‰ £¤ £‘–¬ ‡á•‘? áá‍–‡Á ?ᬠ¤¦ˆ‡? ‡á•‘? ƒ¦ ?‍á­á¥‡¡ ‹£ ƒŒ‘¬ ?Œ‘ˆ‰¡ ­?‘– ‌­¥‡ •¦‘‡ ¦‡£–‰ ¦ƒ–¦‡Á ¦£„‹‘‡? ƒÎ‘¬¡ ‌­ ?­¦¤ ‡á£‘–¬ ‡á­£¤¬ ƒ¦ ‡á­“‘¬.

 

¦Œ? ƒ¤ ¤•‌ ‡á?£‡› ‡áƒ­“‘ ‡“??‡? £?‡áŒ‰ ‡á£?ᦣ‡? ‡áá‌™­‰ ˆ”?á ƒ‌–á ˆ­¤£‡ ‡áƒ­£¤¡ ?‡¤ ƒ‌–á ‌­ ‡á£?ᦣ‡? ‡áˆ•‘­‰ ¦‡á£?‡¤­‰¡ ¦¥¦ £‡ ¤‍á?¥ ??ˆ ‡á?¤£­‰ ‡áˆ”‘­‰ ˆ”?á ·?† áᤇ“¡ £?Í?‹‰ ?£‡ ­“£¬ ““­‡?‰ ¤“‌ ‡á?£‡› ‡áƒ­£¤ ƒ¦ ‡áƒ­“‘” ¦£•¤‌‰ ‡á”Ε­‡? …ᬠƒ¤¦‡? ‍‡†£‰ ?ᬠÐá?¡ ¦á?¤ ¥¤‡? ƒ?በá?Í– Ðá?¡ £‹á ?‘‡“‰ ?£? ‌­ 2012¡ ¦Œ? ‌­¥‡ ?ᣇÁ ‡á¤‌“ ‌­ Œ‡£?‰ ˆ‘­?­” ?¦á¦£ˆ­‡¡ ƒ¤ ‡á?‌?­‘ ‡á…ˆ?‡?­ ­¤”? ”ˆ?‰ ?•ˆ­‰ ¦‡“?‰ ?¦¤ ?‌–­á Œ’Á £?­¤ £¤ ‡á?£‡›.